Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical treatment with a growing range of indications. The number of clinical studies is expanding because of DBS for new indications and efforts to improve DBS for existing indications. To date, various methods have been used to perform DBS studies. Designing a clinical intervention study with active implantable medical devices has specific challenges while expanding patient treatment. This paper provides an overview of the key aspects that are essential for setting up a DBS study.