Modeling Longitudinal Changes in 5m Sprinting Performance Among Young Male Tennis Players

Tamara Kramer, Joao Valente-Dos-Santos, Manuel J. Coelho-E-Silva*, Robert M. Malina, Barbara C. H. Huijgen, Joanne Smith, Marije T. Elferink-Gemser, Chris Visscher

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

8 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Year-to-year changes in sprinting in youth tennis players were examined in a mixed-longitudinal study (256 male players, aged 10-15 years: 993 measurements). Height (h), body mass (BM), lower limb explosive strength (LLES), and a 5-m sprint were measured over five years. During that period, players were classified as elite or sub-elite. To account for the repeated measurements within the individual nature of longitudinal data, multilevel random effects regression analyses were used. Sprint performance improved with age at each additional 1 year of age, thus predicting approximate to.016sec improvement in five-meter sprint time by all variables of the model. It was possible to predict the performance of elite tennis players in the 5-m sprint (sec) for elite players (1.1493 - (0.0159ccentered age) - (0.009cBM) - (0.044cLLES) and sub-elite players (1.1493 - (0.0159ccentered age) + 0.0135 - (0.009cBM) - (0.044cLLES) - (0.0557ccentered age). Sprint performance differences between elite and sub-elite players was related to longitudinal changes in body size and lower limb strength up until age 13.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)299-318
Aantal pagina's20
TijdschriftPerceptual and Motor Skills
Volume122
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb.-2016

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