More popular because you’re older? Relative age effect on popularity among adolescents in class

Danelien van Aalst*, Frank van Tubergen

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

3 Citaten (Scopus)
64 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Previous studies have found a significant effect of pupil’s month of birth on their school- and sports performances. The current study investigates whether this so-called relative age effect also exists in a rather unexplored domain, namely popularity among adolescents in school classes. Whereas prior studies examined relative age related to the cut-off date at primary school entry, we also study possible relative age effects regarding the age composition within pupils’ current school class. Data are from nationally-representative surveys among 14–15 year-old pupils from the Netherlands, Sweden and England. Results indicate a statistically significant positive relation of both types of relative age with popularity status in classes. The relation of past relative age is particularly strong in England, which has a system of social promotion, whereas current relative age is strong in the Netherlands, with its system of grade retention. These findings underscore the importance of education policy.
Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummere0249336
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftPLoS ONE
Volume16
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusPublished - 5-mei-2021

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