mTORC1 controls Golgi architecture and vesicle secretion by phosphorylation of SCYL1

Stephanie Kaeser-Pebernard, Christine Vionnet, Muriel Mari, Devanarayanan Siva Sankar, Zehan Hu, Carole Roubaty, Esther Martinez-Martinez, Huiyuan Zhao, Miguel Spuch-Calvar, Alke Petri-Fink, Gregor Rainer, Florian Steinberg, Fulvio Reggiori, Joern Dengjel*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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mTORC1 is a master regulator of cell growth with well-known functions in inhibiting autophagic vesicle formation. Here, the authors show that mTORC1 also affects Golgi architecture and vesicle secretion by phosphorylating the scaffold protein SCYL1.

The protein kinase mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is a master regulator of cell growth and proliferation, supporting anabolic reactions and inhibiting catabolic pathways like autophagy. Its hyperactivation is a frequent event in cancer promoting tumor cell proliferation. Several intracellular membrane-associated mTORC1 pools have been identified, linking its function to distinct subcellular localizations. Here, we characterize the N-terminal kinase-like protein SCYL1 as a Golgi-localized target through which mTORC1 controls organelle distribution and extracellular vesicle secretion in breast cancer cells. Under growth conditions, SCYL1 is phosphorylated by mTORC1 on Ser754, supporting Golgi localization. Upon mTORC1 inhibition, Ser754 dephosphorylation leads to SCYL1 displacement to endosomes. Peripheral, dephosphorylated SCYL1 causes Golgi enlargement, redistribution of early and late endosomes and increased extracellular vesicle release. Thus, the mTORC1-controlled phosphorylation status of SCYL1 is an important determinant regulating subcellular distribution and function of endolysosomal compartments. It may also explain the pathophysiology underlying human genetic diseases such as CALFAN syndrome, which is caused by loss-of-function of SCYL1.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)4685
Aantal pagina's21
TijdschriftNature Communications
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - 10-aug-2022

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