No evidence so far of a major role of AKT1 and GSK3B in the pathogenesis of antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia

Anastasia Levchenko, Natalya Vyalova, Ivan V Pozhidaev, Anastasiia S Boiko, Diana Z Osmanova, Olga Yu Fedorenko, Arkadiy V Semke, Nikolay A Bokhan, Bob Wilffert, Anton J M Loonen, Svetlana A Ivanova

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

3 Citaten (Scopus)
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OBJECTIVE: AKT1 and GSK3B take part in one of the intracellular cascades activated by the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2). This receptor is antagonized by antipsychotics and plays a role in the pathogenesis of antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia (TD). The present study investigated association of several polymorphisms in the two candidate genes, AKT1 and GSK3B, with TD in antipsychotic-treated patients with schizophrenia.

METHODS: DNA samples from 449 patients from several Siberian regions (Russia) were genotyped, and the results were analyzed using chi-squared tests and analyses of variance.

RESULTS: Antipsychotic-induced TD was not associated with either of the tested functional polymorphisms (rs334558, rs1130214, and rs3730358).

CONCLUSIONS: Despite regulation of AKT1 and GSK3B by DRD2, we found no evidence that these two kinases play a major role in the pathogenesis of antipsychotic-induced TD. These results agree with previously published data and necessitate further exploration of other pathogenic mechanisms, such as neurotoxicity due to excessive dopamine metabolism.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftHuman Psychopharmacology
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
Vroegere onlinedatum8-jan.-2019
StatusPublished - jan.-2019

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