Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the adherence to consensus guidelines on preoperative imaging of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) in real local practice.
Methods: This was a retrospective multicenter cohort study of 411 patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for pHPT from 2007 to 2017 in three referral centers.
Results: In 286/411 patients (69%) the preoperative imaging workup adhered to guidelines (utilizing ultrasound and parathyroid scintigraphy). In patients in whom guidelines were followed 63% were discharged within one day versus 37% in whom guidelines were not followed (P< .0005). The use of a bimodality imaging workup, starting with ultrasound and parathyroid scintigraphy followed by imaging upscaling aiming for anatomical and functional concordance, was a predictor for the performance of a minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (OR 4.098, 95% CI 2.296-7.315,P< .0005).
Conclusion: The level of compliance to preoperative imaging guidelines is suboptimal in this population. Patients in whom adherence was achieved showed a shorter length of stay. More education of physicians is required regarding the appropriate preoperative imaging workup in pHPT.