Office Multi-Occupancy Detection using BLE Beacons and Power Meters

Azka Rizky Pratama, Alexander Lazovik, Marco Aiello

Onderzoeksoutput: Conference contributionAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)


Indoor occupancy provides information about human occupation in the closed space, most notably, office and residential buildings. This information is useful in dwindling unnecessary energy usage, such as consumption in unoccupied spaces or energy-wasting due to unnecessarily active appliances. We present an empirical experiment on office occupancy detection using simple office sensors. We choose generic power meters and mobile phones. First, we classify beacon signals received by mobile phones into a room location. A workspace map is assumed to be available to facilitate the mapping between room locations and the occupancy state of users' workspace. Second, we infer the individual occupancy state utilizing the aggregated electricity consumption of occupant-related devices (i.e., monitors) in shared offices. The later solution helps to keep costs and intrusiveness level low compared to deploying a power meter for each device or user. We experiment in an work environment with two shared offices, a personal office, and a social corner involving five volunteers. Given the acquired data, three techniques based on machine learning, optimization, and probabilistic approach are implemented and compared to evaluate their performance. The results indicate that localization and occupancy based on beaconing works best for three of the five volunteers, reaching 95% F-measure. Further findings shows that occupancy inference based on the aggregated power consumption performs well for the four volunteers when using Decision Tree classification, reaching more than 90% F-measure. Our effort on the fusion of two modalities gives a positive result for all five volunteers, ranging from 92% to 99% F-measure.

Originele taal-2English
Titel 2019 IEEE 10th Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics & Mobile Communication Conference (UEMCON)
Aantal pagina's9
ISBN van geprinte versie978-1-7281-3885-5
StatusPublished - 13-feb-2020
EvenementThe 10th IEEE Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics & Mobile Communication Conference - Columbia University, New York, United States
Duur: 10-okt-201912-okt-2019
Congresnummer: 10


ConferenceThe 10th IEEE Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics & Mobile Communication Conference
Verkorte titelIEEE UEMCON 2019
LandUnited States
StadNew York

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