In view of the near-tip constraint effect imposed by the geometry and loading configuration, a creep fracture analysis based on C∗ only is generally not sufficient. This paper presents a formulation of higher-order crack-tip fields in steady power-law creeping solids which can be derived from an asymptotic development of near-tip fields analogous to that of Sharma and Aravas and Yang et al. for elastoplastic bodies. The higher-order fields are controlled by a parameter named A2∗, similar as in elastoplasticity, and a second loading parameter, σ∞. By means of the scaling properties for power-law materials, it is shown that A2∗ for a flat test specimen is independent of the loading level. Finally, we carry out small-strain finite element analyses of creep in single-edge notched tension, centered crack panel under tension, and single-edge notched bending specimens in order to determine the corresponding values of A2∗ for mode I cracks under plane-strain conditions.
|Tijdschrift||Journal of Applied Mechanics-Transactions of the Asme|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||2|
|Status||Published - 2000|