In the absence of mitogenic stimuli, cells normally arrest in G(1/0), because they fail to pass the G1-restriction point. However, abrogation of the G1-restriction point (by loss of the retinoblastoma gene family) reveals a second-restriction point that arrests cells in G2. Serum-starvation-induced G2 arrest is effectuated through inhibitory interactions of p27(KIP1) and p21(CIP1) with cyclins A and B1 and can be reversed through mitogen re-addition. In this study, we have investigated the pathways that allow cell cycle re-entry from this G2 arrest. We provide evidence that recovery from G2 arrest depends on the rat sarcoma viral oncogene (RAS) and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase pathways and show that oncogenic hits, such as overexpression of c-MYC or mutational activation of RAS can abrogate the G2-restriction point. Together, our results provide new mechanistic insight into multistep carcinogenesis.
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||8|
|Status||Published - 14-feb.-2008|