Optimizing heterologous expression in Dictyostelium: importance of 5 ' codon adaptation

Eliza B. Vervoort, Arno van Ravestein, Noël Peij , van, Judith C. Heikoop, Peter J.M. Haastert, van, Gijs F. Verheijden, Maarten H.K. Linskens

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

58 Citaten (Scopus)
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Expression of heterologous proteins in Dictyostelium discoideum presents unique research opportunities, such as the functional analysis of complex human glycoproteins after random mutagenesis, In one study, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and human follicle stimulating hormone were expressed in Dictyostelium, During the course of these experiments, we also investigated the role of codon usage and of the DNA sequence upstream of the ATG start codon, The Dictyostelium genome has a higher AT content than the human, resulting in a different codon preference. The hCG-beta gene contains three clusters with infrequently used codons that were changed to codons that are preferred by Dictyostelium, The results reported here show that optimizing the first 5-17 codons of the hCG gene contributes to 4- to 5-fold increased expression levels, but that further optimization has no significant effect, These observations suggest that optimal codon usage contributes to ribosome stabilization, but does not play an important role during the elongation phase of translation. Furthermore, adapting the 5'-sequence of the hCG gene to the Dictyostelium 'Kozak'-like sequence Increased expression levels similar to 1.5-fold. Thus, using both codon optimization and 'Kozak' adaptation, a 6- to El-fold increase expression levels could be obtained for hCG.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)2069-2074
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftNucleic Acids Research
Nummer van het tijdschrift10
StatusPublished - 15-mei-2000

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