Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative condition affecting the quality of life. Due to a worsening of oral health in PD patients with the progression of the disease, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) could be impaired as well.
Objectives: To assess whether PD patients in The Netherlands experience worse OHRQoL than historical controls, and to investigate which factors are associated with OHRQoL in PD patients.
Materials & Methods: In total, 341 PD patients (65.5 ± 8.4 years) and 411 historical controls (62.6 ± 5.3 years) participated. Both groups completed a questionnaire. The PD patients were asked questions regarding demographics, PD, oral health, and OHRQoL. The historical controls filled in demographic information and questions regarding OHRQoL. The latter construct was assessed using the Dutch 14-item version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Data were analysed using independent samples t-tests and univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis.
Results: The mean OHIP-14 score was higher in PD patients (19.1 ± 6.7) than in historical controls (16.5 ± 4.4) (t(239) = 6.5; p <.001). OHRQoL in PD patients was statistically significant associated with motor aspects of experiences of daily living (B = 0.31; t(315) = 7.03; p <.001), worsening of the oral environment during disease course (B = 3.39; t(315) = 4.21; p <.001), being dentate (B = −5.60; t(315) = −4.5; p <.001), tooth wear (B = 2.25; t(315) = 3.29; p =.001), and possible burning mouth syndrome (B = 5.87; t(315) = 2.87; p =.004).
Conclusion: PD patients had a lower OHRQoL than historical controls. Besides, PD-related variables and oral health-related variables were associated with OHRQoL.