Outcome after resuscitation beyond 30 minutes in drowned children with cardiac arrest and hypothermia: Dutch nationwide retrospective cohort study

J. K. Kieboom*, H. J. Verkade, J. G. Burgerhof, J. J. Bierens, P. F. van Rheenen, M. C. Kneyber, M. J. Albers

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

64 Citaten (Scopus)
396 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the outcome of drowned children with cardiac arrest and hypothermia, and to determine distinct criteria for termination of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in drowned children with hypothermia and absence of spontaneous circulation.

DESIGN

Nationwide retrospective cohort study.

SETTING

Emergency departments and paediatric intensive care units of the eight university medical centres in the Netherlands.

PARTICIPANTS

Children aged up to 16 with cardiac arrest and hypothermia after drowning, who presented at emergency departments and/or were admitted to intensive care.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

Survival and neurological outcome one year after the drowning incident. Poor outcome was defined as death or survival in a vegetative state or with severe neurological disability (paediatric cerebral performance category (PCPC) >= 4).

RESULTS

From 1993 to 2012, 160 children presented with cardiac arrest and hypothermia after drowning. In 98 (61%) of these children resuscitation was performed for more than 30 minutes (98/160, median duration 60 minutes), of whom 87 (89%) died (95% confidence interval 83% to 95%; 87/98). Eleven of the 98 children survived (11%, 5% to 17%), but all had a PCPC score >= 4. In the 62 (39%) children who did not require prolonged resuscitation, 17 (27%, 16% to 38%) survived with a PCPC score

CONCLUSIONS

Drowned children in whom return of spontaneous circulation is not achieved within 30 minutes of advanced life support have an extremely poor outcome. Good neurological outcome is more likely when spontaneous circulation returns within 30 minutes of advanced life support, especially when the drowning incident occurs in winter. These findings question the therapeutic value of resuscitation beyond 30 minutes in drowned children with cardiac arrest and hypothermia.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer418
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftBritish Medical Journal
Volume350
DOI's
StatusPublished - 10-feb-2015

Citeer dit