Oxa-Michael Addition to alpha,beta-Unsaturated Nitriles: An Expedient Route to gamma-Amino Alcohols and Derivatives

Beibei Guo, Douwe S. Zijlstra, Johannes G. de Vries*, Edwin Otten*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

13 Citaten (Scopus)
493 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Water addition to alpha,beta-unsaturated nitriles would give facile access to the -hydroxy-nitriles, which in turn can be hydrogenated to the gamma-amino alcohols. We have previously shown that alcohols readily add in 1,4-fashion to these substrates using Milstein's Ru(PNN) pincer complex as catalyst. However, attempted water addition to alpha,beta-unsaturated nitriles gave the 3-hydroxynitriles in mediocre yields. On the other hand, addition of benzyl alcohol proceeded in excellent yields for a variety of -substituted unsaturated nitriles. Subsequent treatment of the benzyl alcohol addition products with TMSCl/FeCl3 resulted in the formation of 3-hydroxy-alkylnitriles. The 3-benzyloxy-alkylnitriles obtained from oxa-Michael addition also could be hydrogenated directly in the presence of acid to give the amino alcohols as their HCl salts in excellent yields. Hydrogenation under neutral conditions gave a mixture of the secondary and tertiary amines. Hydrogenation in the presence of base and Boc-anhydride gave the orthogonally bis-protected amino alcohols, in which the benzyl ether can subsequently be cleaved to yield Boc-protected amino alcohols. Thus, a variety of molecular scaffolds with a 1,3-relationship between O- and N-functional group is accessible starting from oxa-Michael addition of benzyl alcohol to alpha,beta-unsaturated nitriles.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)2868-2872
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftChemCatChem
Volume10
Nummer van het tijdschrift13
DOI's
StatusPublished - 9-jul.-2018

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