Performance of neural networks for localizing moving objects with an artificial lateral line

Luuk H Boulogne, Ben J Wolf, Marco A Wiering, Sietse M van Netten

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

32 Citaten (Scopus)
477 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Fish are able to sense water flow velocities relative to their body with their mechanoreceptive lateral line organ. This organ consists of an array of flow detectors distributed along the fish body. Using the excitation of these individual detectors, fish can determine the location of nearby moving objects. Inspired by this sensory modality, it is shown here how neural networks can be used to extract an object's location from simulated excitation patterns, as can be measured along arrays of stationary artificial flow velocity sensors. The applicability, performance and robustness with respect to input noise of different neural network architectures are compared. When trained and tested under high signal to noise conditions (46 dB), the Extreme Learning Machine architecture performs best with a mean Euclidean error of 0.4% of the maximum depth of the field D, which is taken half the length of the sensor array. Under lower signal to noise conditions Echo State Networks, having recurrent connections, enhance the performance while the Multilayer Perceptron is shown to be the most noise robust architecture. Neural network performance decreased when the source moves close to the sensor array or to the sides of the array. For all considered architectures, increasing the number of detectors per array increased localization performance and robustness.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer056009
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftBioinspiration & biomimetics
Volume12
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
Vroegere onlinedatum14-jul.-2017
DOI's
StatusPublished - okt.-2017

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