Perioperative antithrombotic therapy does not increase the incidence of early postoperative thromboembolic complications and bleeding in kidney transplantation - a retrospective study

Tamar A. J. van den Berg, Robert C. Minnee, Ton Lisman, Gertrude J. Nieuwenhuijs-Moeke, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Stephan J. L. Bakker, Robert A. Pol*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

4 Citaten (Scopus)
192 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Perioperative antithrombotic therapy could play a role in preventing thromboembolic complications (TEC) after kidney transplantation (KTx), but little is known on postoperative bleeding risks. This retrospective analysis comprises 2000 single-organ KTx recipients transplanted between 2011-2016 in the two largest transplant centers of the Netherlands. TEC and bleeding events were scored ≤7 days post-KTx. Primary analyses were for associations of antithrombotic therapy with incidence of TEC and bleeding. Secondary analyses were for associations of other potential risk factors. Mean age was 55±14 years, 59% was male and 60% received a living donor kidney. Twenty-one patients (1.1%) had a TEC. Multiple donor arteries (OR 2.79 [1.15-6.79]) and obesity (OR 2.85 [1.19-6.82]) were identified as potential risk factors for TEC. Bleeding occurred in 88 patients (4.4%) and incidence varied significantly between different antithrombotic therapies (P=0.006). Cardiovascular disease (OR 2.01 [1.18-3.42]), preemptive KTx (OR 2.23 [1.28-3.89]), postoperative heparin infusion (OR 1.69 [1.00-2.85]) and vitamin K antagonists (OR 6.60 [2.95-14.77]) were associated with an increased bleeding risk. Intraoperative heparin and antiplatelet therapy were not associated with increased bleeding risk. These regimens appear to be safe for the possible prevention of TEC without increasing the risk for bleeding after kidney transplantation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)418-430
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftTransplant International
Volume32
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
DOI's
StatusPublished - apr-2019

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