Perturbations of model membranes induced by pathogenic dynorphin A mutants causing neurodegeneration in human brain

Fatemeh Madani, Malik Mumtaz Taqi, Sebastian K. T. S. Warmlander, Dineke S. Verbeek, Georgy Bakalkin, Astrid Graslund*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

10 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Several effects of the endogenous opioid peptide dynorphin A (Dyn A) are not mediated through the opioid receptors. These effects are generally excitatory, and result in cell loss and induction of chronic pain and paralysis. The mechanism(s) is not well defined but may involve formation of pores in cellular membranes. In the 17-amino acid peptide Dyn A we have recently identified L5S, R6W, and R9C mutations that cause the dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorder Spinocerebellar ataxia type 23. To gain further insight into non-opioid neurodegenerative mechanism(s), we studied the perturbation effects on lipid bilayers of wild type Dyn A and its mutants in large unilamellar phospholipid vesicles encapsulating the fluorescent dye calcein. The peptides were found to induce calcein leakage from uncharged and negatively charged vesicles to different degrees, thus reflecting different membrane perturbation effects. The mutant Dyn A R6W was the most potent in producing leakage with negatively charged vesicles whereas Dyn A L5S was virtually inactive. The overall correlation between membrane perturbation and neurotoxic response [3] suggests that pathogenic Dyn A actions may be mediated through transient pore formation in lipid domains of the plasma membrane.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)111-114
Aantal pagina's4
TijdschriftBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume411
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusPublished - 22-jul-2011

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