Pharmacological approaches to optimize TB treatment: An individualized approach

Marlies Zuur

    Onderzoeksoutput

    772 Downloads (Pure)

    Samenvatting

    In order to improve tuberculosis treatment, an individualized approach is necessary. We plead for individualized dosing based on drug exposure
    measured in blood – Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM).To measure exposure reliably, multiple blood samples are needed, which is burdening
    and inconvenient for the patients. Dried blood spot sampling (DBS), a method that uses blood from a finger prick– the technique diabetes patients
    use to control their blood sugar levels – is a more patient-friendly approach than multiple venous blood drawings, provided that the number of samplings
    is not excessive. To minimize the number of blood samples, we established a limited sampling strategy for ertapenem. Ertapenem is a carbapenem
    antibiotic that has not (yet) been accepted for tuberculosis treatment; we discuss the potential use of ertapenem for tuberculosis treatment. We also
    studied fixed-dose combinations in combination with TDM. Individualization and fixed-dose may seem contradictive but we argue that TDM might
    detect and correct treatment mistakes resulting from fixed dosing. Susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has traditionally been reported as
    either susceptible or resistant. In this thesis we propose adding a shade of grey; intermediate susceptibility that would represent a
    dose-dependent susceptibility category. We studied whether patients with M. tuberculosis isolates with intermediate susceptibility could be treated with
    a higher dose of anti-tuberculosis drugs and if so, if this approach would be cost-effective. We conclude that TDM is useful and feasible,
    but more research is needed to address as yet unanswered questions.
    Originele taal-2English
    KwalificatieDoctor of Philosophy
    Toekennende instantie
    • Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
    Begeleider(s)/adviseur
    • Alffenaar, Jan Willem, Supervisor
    • van der Werf, Tjip, Supervisor
    • Touw, Daan, Supervisor
    Datum van toekenning19-nov-2018
    Plaats van publicatie[Groningen]
    Uitgever
    Gedrukte ISBN's978-94-034-0998-6
    Elektronische ISBN's978-94-034-0997-9
    StatusPublished - 2018

    Citeer dit