Phospholipid dependency of membrane protein insertion by the Sec translocon

Max J den Uijl, Arnold J M Driessen*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Membrane protein insertion into and translocation across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane are essential processes facilitated by the Sec translocon. Membrane insertion occurs co-translationally whereby the ribosome nascent chain is targeted to the translocon via signal recognition particle and its receptor FtsY. The phospholipid dependence of membrane protein insertion has remained mostly unknown. Here we assessed in vitro the dependence of the SecA independent insertion of the mannitol permease MtlA into the membrane on the main phospholipid species present in Escherichia coli. We observed that insertion depends on the presence of phosphatidylglycerol and is due to the anionic nature of the polar headgroup, while insertion is stimulated by the zwitterionic phosphatidylethanolamine. We found an optimal insertion efficiency at about 30 mol% DOPG and 50 mol% DOPE which approaches the bulk membrane phospholipid composition of E. coli.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
Vroegere onlinedatum20-sep.-2023
StatusPublished - jan.-2024

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