Polymorphisms in the adrenergic neurotransmission pathway impact antidepressant response in depressed patients

Taichi Ochi*, Natalya M. Vyalova, Innokentiy S Losenkov, Diana Z. Paderina, Ivan V Pozhidaev, Anton Loonen, German G Simutkin, Nikolay A. Bokhan, Bob Wilffert, S.A. Ivanova (Svetlana A. Ivanova)

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

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Mood disorders are a prevalent mental health disorder. The adrenergic neurotransmission pathway presents an opportunity to determine whether genetic mutations impact antidepressant response. For this study, 163 patients with major depressive disorders were enrolled to measure treatment response using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17). More than half of the patients had never been treated with antidepressants previously. Patients were genotyped for 14 SNPs within ADRA1A, SLC6A2, ADRβ1, MAOA and COMT to determine the impact of adrenergic neurotransmission polymorphisms related in antidepressant response. Patients were treated mainly with SSRIs and TCAs. The difference in HAMD-17 scores between the measurement periods were defined as the outcome measure. Multiple linear regression was conducted to determine the association between the genotypes and difference in HAMD-17 across the study period. Covariates of age, sex, antidepressant medication and depression diagnoses were included in the regression. Throughout the study HAMD-17 scores were measured at initiation, at two weeks and at four weeks for each patient. The difference in HAMD-17 scores was found to be 11.2 ​± ​4.4 between initiation and two weeks, 7.8 ​± ​5.3 between two week and four week, and 19.0 ​± ​5.3 throughout the entire study. SLC6A2 rs1532701 homozygous G/G Patients were associated with improved ΔHAMD-17 across week 2–4 and the entire study (B ​= ​7.1, p ​= ​0.002; B ​= ​6.7, p ​= ​0.013) compared to homozygous A/A patients. SLC6A2 rs1532701 homozygous A/G patients were further associated with improved ΔHAMD-17 compared to homozygous A/A patients at week 2–4 (B ​= ​2.8, p ​= ​0.023). Through our investigation, we were able to determine the genes within the adrenergic pathway to investigate further. To further elucidate these findings, replication and combination with other neurotransmitter pathways to better map the mechanism of actions of antidepressant for tailored treatment would be suggested.
Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer101016
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftNeuroscience Applied
Volume2
DOI's
StatusPublished - 30-nov.-2022

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