Population ageing in Europe and Asia: Beyond traditional perspectives

Arun Balachandran


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    Population ageing is the central demographic concern in Europe and Asia. Traditional
    perspectives on population ageing are based on fixed old-age thresholds, such as
    age 65, which are not ideal for cross-country comparisons, as they do not take into
    account the multiple dimensions of population ageing. Moreover, previous population
    ageing studies often ignored the diversity of the ageing processes across countries,
    men and women, and socio-economic groups.
    This thesis compared current and future population ageing in Europe and Asia
    using new comparative ageing indicators that take into account differentials in life
    expectancy, health, and human capital across European and Asian populations.
    This new perspective shows that the differences in the current and the projected
    population ageing trends in Europe and in Asia are smaller than were previously
    estimated. However, it appears that this diversity in population ageing trends is
    more pronounced across regions, men and women, and educational groups than
    was previously estimated. The share of elderly in the population has been found
    to be higher in populations with lagging life expectancy, health, and human capital
    attainments: i.e., in most Asian countries, among women in the developing countries
    of Asia and in Eastern Europe, and among the lower educated in both continents. In
    the future, levels of population ageing are expected to increase further, particularly
    in Asia, where the responsiveness of population ageing to increases in education is
    likely to be high.
    Our results suggest that investments in health and human capital, especially among
    vulnerable groups, such as the less educated and women in Asia, are needed to
    delay the onset of ‘old age’ for these groups, and to reduce population ageing and its
    negative societal consequences.
    Originele taal-2English
    KwalificatieDoctor of Philosophy
    Toekennende instantie
    • Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
    • Janssen, Fanny, Supervisor
    • James, K.S. , Supervisor, Externe Persoon
    • van Wissen, Leonardus, Supervisor
    Datum van toekenning22-okt.-2020
    Plaats van publicatie[Groningen]
    StatusPublished - 2020

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