Prediction of response to radiotherapy in the treatment of esophageal cancer using stem cell markers

Justin K. Smit, Hette Faber, Maarten Niemantsverdriet, Mirjam Baanstra, Johan Bussink, Harry Hollema, Ronald P. van Os, John Th. M. Plukker, Robert P. Coppes*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

50 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Background and purpose: In this study, we investigated whether cancer stem cell marker expressing cells can be identified that predict for the response of esophageal cancer (EC) to CRT.

Materials and methods: EC cell-lines OE-33 and OE-21 were used to assess in vitro, stem cell activity, proliferative capacity and radiation response. Xenograft tumors were generated using NOD/SCID mice to assess in vivo proliferative capacity and tumor hypoxia. Archival and fresh EC biopsy tissue was used to confirm our in vitro and in vivo results.

Results: We showed that the CD44+/CD24- subpopulation of EC cells exerts a higher proliferation rate and sphere forming potential and is more radioresistant in vitro, when compared to unselected or CD44+/CD24+ cells. Moreover, CD44+/CD24- cells formed xenograft tumors faster and were often located in hypoxic tumor areas.

In a study of archival pre-neoadjuvant CRT biopsy material from EC adenocarcinoma patients (N = 27), this population could only be identified in 50% (9/18) of reduced-responders to neoadjuvant CRT, but never (0/9) in the complete responders (P = 0.009).

Conclusion: These results warrant further investigation into the possible clinical benefit of CD44+/CD24- as a predictive marker in EC patients for the response to chemoradiation. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)434-441
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume107
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - jun-2013

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