Predictive value of General Movements Assessment for developmental delay at 18 months in children with complex congenital heart disease

Darlene C Huisenga, Sacha la Bastide-van Gemert, Andrew H Van Bergen, Jane K Sweeney, Mijna Hadders-Algra*

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Samenvatting

BACKGROUND: Infants with complex congenital heart disease are at increased risk of impaired fetal brain growth, brain injury, and developmental impairments. The General Movement Assessment (GMA) is a valid and reliable tool to predict cerebral palsy (CP), especially in preterm infants. Predictive properties of the GMA in infants with complex congenital heart disease (CCHD) are unknown.

AIM: To evaluate predictive properties of the GMA to predict developmental outcomes, including cerebral palsy (CP), at 18-months corrected age (CA) in children with CCHD undergoing heart surgery in the first month of life.

METHODS: A prospective cohort of 56 infants with CCHD (35 males, 21 females) was assessed with GMA at writhing age (0-6 weeks CA) and fidgety age (7-17 weeks CA) and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development at 18 months. GMA focused on markedly reduced GM-variation and complexity (definitely abnormal (DA) GM-complexity) and fidgety movements. Predictive values of GMA for specific cognitive, language and motor delay (composite scores <85th percentile) and general developmental delay (delay in all domains) were calculated at 18 months.

RESULTS: At fidgety age, all infants had fidgety movements and no child was diagnosed with CP. DA GM-complexity at fidgety age predicted general developmental delay at 18 months (71 % sensitivity, 90 % specificity), but predicted specific developmental delay less robustly. DA GM-complexity at writhing age did not predict developmental delay, nor did it improve prediction based on DA GM-complexity at fidgety age.

CONCLUSIONS: In infants with CCHD and fidgety movements, DA GM-complexity at fidgety age predicted general developmental delay.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)105916
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftEarly Human Development
Volume188
Vroegere onlinedatum8-dec.-2023
DOI's
StatusPublished - jan.-2024

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