Prenatal Particulate Air Pollution and DNA Methylation in Newborns: An Epigenome-Wide Meta-Analysis

Biobank-based Integrative Omics

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

35 Citaten (Scopus)
176 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Prenatal exposure to air pollution has been associated with childhood respiratory disease and other adverse outcomes. Epigenetics is a suggested link between exposures and health outcomes.

Objectives: We aimed to investigate associations between prenatal exposure to particulate matter (PM) with diameter

Methods: We meta-analyzed associations between exposure to PM10 (n=1,949) and PM2.5 (n=1,551) at maternal home addresses during pregnancy and newborn DNA methylation assessed by Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450K BeadChip in nine European and American studies, with replication in 688 independent newborns and look-up analyses in 2,118 older children. We used two approaches, one focusing on single cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites and another on differentially methylated regions (DMRs). We also related PM exposures to blood mRNA expression.

Results: Six CpGs were significantly associated [false discovery rate (FDR)

Conclusions: Several differentially methylated CpGs and DMRs associated with prenatal PM exposure were identified in newborns, with annotation to genes previously implicated in lung-related outcomes.

Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - mei-2019

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