Prevalence and treatment of eating disorders among Hispanics/Latino Americans in the United States

Marisol Perez*, Tara K. Ohrt, Hans W. Hoek

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    Onderzoeksoutput: Review articlepeer review

    25 Citaten (Scopus)

    Samenvatting

    Purpose of reviewWe reviewed the recent literature on prevalence rates, and application of evidence-based treatments for eating disorders among Hispanics/Latinos residing in the United States.Recent findingsLifetime prevalence rates of anorexia nervosa are lower among Hispanic/Latinos than non-Hispanic Whites. There are comparable rates of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder (BED) among Hispanic/Latinos and non-Hispanic Whites. BED is the most common eating disorder among Hispanic/Latinos. Evidence-based treatments have begun to be implemented with Hispanics/Latinos. The core concepts of cognitive behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa and BED apply to this population. Culture-specific adaptations include strengthening the collectivistic framework within an individualistic treatment, psychoeducation of immediate and extended family, and adjustment of meal plans that incorporated cultural foods.SummaryThere are more similarities than differences in the prevalence of eating disorders across Hispanics/Latinos and non-Hispanic Whites. However, the social context such as immigration status and acculturation is important to consider in the development of eating disorders. In addition, the Westernization of Latin America may change the future relationship of immigration status and development of eating disorder within the United States. Overall, cultural adaptations of evidence-based treatments involved the inclusion of family within treatment, acculturation-related issues, and managing family conflicts that arise because of the changes in eating patterns.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)378-382
    Aantal pagina's5
    TijdschriftCurrent opinion in psychiatry
    Volume29
    Nummer van het tijdschrift6
    DOI's
    StatusPublished - nov-2016

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