Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and associated factors among patients visiting renal unit of St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study design

Addisu Sertsu*, Teshager Worku, Gelana Fekadu, Abera Kenay Tura

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

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    Objective: This study aimed to assess the magnitude of chronic kidney disease among patients attending the renal unit of St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Methods: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 620 randomly selected patients who visited St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College renal unit from 1 January to 31 December, 2019. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, clinical conditions, behavioral risk factors, electrolytes, and renal function tests were extracted from patients' medical records. To enter and analyze data, EpiData 3.1 and SPSS 22 were used, respectively. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to see the association between predictor variables and chronic kidney disease. Adjusted odds ratio at 95% confidence interval was used to describe significant association. A p-value

    Results: Of 620 patients, 139 (22.4%; 95% confidence interval: 19.2, 25.6) and 61 (9.8%; 95% confidence interval: 7.4, 12.3) had chronic kidney disease using cut-off value of 90 and 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), respectively. Having urinary tract obstruction (adjusted odds ratio = 2.32; 95% confidence interval: 1.32, 4.06), hypertension (adjusted odds ratio = 4.06; 95% confidence interval: 2.50, 6.59), diabetes mellitus (adjusted odds ratio = 2.80; 95% confidence interval: 1.62, 4.85), cardiovascular disease (adjusted odds ratio = 2.54; 95% confidence interval: 1.60, 4.01), and age (adjusted odds ratio = 1.83; 95% confidence interval: 1.44, 3.57), family history of chronic kidney disease (adjusted odds ratio = 2.26; 95% confidence interval: 1.36, 3.75) were factors positively associated with having chronic kidney disease.

    Conclusion: Nearly, one out of five and one out of ten patients who visited the renal unit had chronic kidney disease using the two thresholds as a cut value. Patients with concomitant urinary tract obstruction, age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and a family history of chronic kidney disease were more likely to develop chronic kidney disease. Regular screening for chronic kidney disease, optimal blood sugar, and blood pressure management should be practiced.

    Originele taal-2English
    Aantal pagina's9
    TijdschriftSAGE Open Medicine
    StatusPublished - 9-aug.-2022

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