Primary and persistent negative symptoms: Concepts, assessments and neurobiological bases

Armida Mucci*, Eleonora Merlotti, Alp Ucok, Andre Aleman, Silvana Galderisi

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

99 Citaten (Scopus)
116 Downloads (Pure)

Samenvatting

Primary and persistent negative symptoms (PPNS) represent an unmet need in the care of people with schizophrenia. They have an unfavourable impact on real-life functioning and do not respond to available treatments. Underlying etiopathogenetic mechanisms of PPNS are still unknown. The presence of primary and enduring negative symptoms characterizes deficit schizophrenia (DS), proposed as a separate disease entity with respect to non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS). More recently, to reduce the heterogeneity of negative symptoms by using criteria easily applicable in the context of clinical trials, the concept of persistent negative symptoms (PNS) was developed.

Both PNS and DS constructs include enduring negative symptoms (at least 6months for PNS and 12months for DS) that do not respond to available treatments. PNS exclude secondary negative symptoms based on a cross-sectional evaluation of severity thresholds on commonly used rating scales for positive symptoms, depression and extrapyramidal side effects; the DS diagnosis, instead, excludes all potential sources of secondary negative symptoms based on a clinical longitudinal assessment.

In this paper we review the evolution of concepts and assessment modalities relevant to PPNS, data on prevalence of DS and PNS, as well as studies on clinical, neuropsychological, brain imaging electrophysiological and psychosocial functioning aspects of DS and PNS.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)19-28
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftSchizophrenia Research
Volume186
DOI's
StatusPublished - aug.-2017

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