Objectives: Percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) is often the first invasive treatment step for infected necrotizing pancreatitis. A proactive PCD strategy, including frequent and early drain revising and upsizing, may reduce the need for surgical necrosectomy and could improve outcomes, but data are lacking.
Methods: Necrotizing pancreatitis patients were identified from in-hospital databases (2004-2014). Patients with primary PCD for infected necrotizing pancreatitis were included. Outcomes of patients from 1 center using a proactive PCD strategy were compared with 3 standard strategy centers.
Results: In total, 369 (25.9%) of 1427 patients received a diagnosis of necrotizing pancreatitis, and 117 (31.7%) of 369 patients underwent primary PCD for infected necrosis: 42 in the proactive group versus 75 in the standard group. Patients in the proactive group had more drain-related procedures (median, 3; interquartile range [IQR], 2-4; versus 2; IQR, 1-2; P <0.001) and larger final drain sizes (median, 16F; IQR, 14F-20F; versus 14F; IQR, 12F-14F; P <0.001). Fewer patients underwent additional necrosectomy in the proactive group, 12 (28.6%) versus 39 (52.0%) (adjusted odds ratio, 0.349; 95% confidence interval, 0.137-0.889; P = 0.027), with similar hospital stay and mortality.
Conclusions: A proactive PCD strategy is associated with reduced need for necrosectomy in infected necrotizing pancreatitis, compared with standard PCD, with similar clinical outcomes.