Prodynorphin Mutations Cause the Neurodegenerative Disorder Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 23

Georgy Bakalkin, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Justyna Jezierska, Cloe Depoorter, Cornelia Verschuuren - Bemelmans, Igor Bazov, Konstantin A. Artemenko, Tatjana Yakovleva, Dennis Dooijes, Bart P. C. Van de Warrenburg, Roman A. Zubarev, Berry Kremer, Pamela E. Knapp, Kurt F. Hauser, Cisca Wijmenga, Fred Nyberg, Richard J. Sinke, Dineke S. Verbeek*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

79 Citaten (Scopus)


Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia and dysarthria We have identified missense mutations in prodynorphin (PDYN) that cause SCA23 in four Dutch families displaying progressive gait and limb ataxia PDYN is the precursor protein for the opioid neuropeptides alpha neoendorphin, and dynorphins A and B (Dyn A and B) Dynorphins regulate pain processing and modulate the rewarding effects of addictive substances Three mutations were located in Dyn A a peptide with both opioid activities and nonoproid neurodegenerative actions Two of these mutations resulted in excessive generation of Dyn A in a cellular model system In addition two of the mutant Dyn A peptides induced toxicity above that of wild type Dyn A in cultured striatal neurons The fourth mutation was located in the nonoproid PDYN domain and was associated with altered expression of components of the oproid and glutamate system, as evident from analysis of SCA23 autopsy tissue Thus, alterations in Dyn A activities and/or impairment of secretory pathways by mutant PDYN may lead to glutamate neurotoxicity, which underlies Purkinje cell degeneration and ataxia PDYN mutations are identified in a small subset of ataxia families, indicating that SCA23 is an infrequent SCA type (similar to 0 5%) in the Netherlands and suggesting further genetic SCA heterogeneity

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)593-603
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusPublished - 12-nov-2010

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