Prognosis in childhood and adult acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: a question of maturation?

SLA Plasschaert, WA Kamps, E Vellenga, EGE de Vries, ESJM de Bont*

*Corresponding author voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

64 Citaten (Scopus)


Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a disease diagnosed in children as well as adults. Progress in the treatment of ALL has led to better survival rates, however, children have benefited more from improved treatment modalities than adults. Recent evidence has underscored that the difference in characteristics and biology of adult versus childhood ALL might be the result of a different origin. According to the two-hit paradigm of Knudson, to develop cancer two genetic events are necessary. It has been suggested, that in childhood ALL the first genetic event happens in the more mature lymphoid committed progenitor cells, whereas in adult ALL the first hit occurs in multipotent stem cells. This review compares patient characteristics, the extent of the disease, leukaemic cell characteristics and treatment between childhood and adult ALL. This is discussed in relation to the hypothesis that the maturation stage of the cells, from which the leukaemia arises, is responsible for the differential behaviour of adult and childhood ALL. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)37-51
Aantal pagina's15
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
StatusPublished - feb.-2004


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