Background: The SpO(2)/FiO(2) is a useful oxygenation parameter with prognostic capacity in patients with ARDS. We investigated the prognostic capacity of SpO(2)/FiO(2) for mortality in patients with ARDS due to COVID-19.
Methods: This was a post-hoc analysis of a national multicenter cohort study in invasively ventilated patients with ARDS due to COVID-19. The primary endpoint was 28-day mortality.
Results: In 869 invasively ventilated patients, 28-day mortality was 30.1%. The SpO(2)/FiO(2) on day 1 had no prognostic value. The SpO(2)/FiO(2) on day 2 and day 3 had prognostic capacity for death, with the best cut-offs being 179 and 199, respectively. Both SpO(2)/FiO(2) on day 2 (OR, 0.66 [95%-CI 0.46-0.96]) and on day 3 (OR, 0.70 [95%-CI 0.51-0.96]) were associated with 28-day mortality in a model corrected for age, pH, lactate levels and kidney dysfunction (AUROC 0.78 [0.76-0.79]). The measured PaO2/FiO(2) and the PaO2/FiO(2) calculated from SpO(2)/FiO(2) were strongly correlated (Spearman's r = 0.79).
Conclusions: In this cohort of patients with ARDS due to COVID-19, the SpO(2)/FiO(2) on day 2 and day 3 are independently associated with and have prognostic capacity for 28-day mortality. The SpO(2)/FiO(2) is a useful metric for risk stratification in invasively ventilated COVID-19 patients. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.