Prolonged hypothermic machine perfusion enables daytime liver transplantation - an IDEAL stage 2 prospective clinical trial

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BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is traditionally performed around the clock to minimize organ ischemic time. However, the prospect of prolonging preservation times holds the potential to streamline logistics and transform liver transplantation into a semi-elective procedure, reducing the need for nighttime surgeries. Dual hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (DHOPE) of donor livers for 1-2 h mitigates ischemia-reperfusion injury and improves transplant outcomes. Preclinical studies have shown that DHOPE can safely extend the preservation of donor livers for up to 24 h.

METHODS: We conducted an IDEAL stage 2 prospective clinical trial comparing prolonged (≥4 h) DHOPE to conventional (1-2 h) DHOPE for brain-dead donor livers, enabling transplantation the following morning. Liver allocation to each group was based on donor hepatectomy end times. The primary safety endpoint was a composite of all serious adverse events (SAE) within 30 days after transplantation. The primary feasibility endpoint was defined as the number of patients assigned and successfully receiving a prolonged DHOPE-perfused liver graft. Trial registration at: WHO International Clinical Trial Registry Platform, number NL8740.

FINDINGS: Between November 1, 2020 and July 16, 2022, 24 patients were enrolled. The median preservation time was 14.5 h (interquartile range [IQR], 13.9-15.5) for the prolonged group (n = 12) and 7.9 h (IQR, 7.6-8.6) for the control group (n = 12; p = 0.01). In each group, three patients (25%; 95% CI 3.9-46%, p = 1) experienced a SAE. Markers of ischemia-reperfusion injury and oxidative stress in both perfusate and recipients were consistently low and showed no notable discrepancies between the two groups. All patients assigned to either the prolonged group or control group successfully received a liver graft perfused with either prolonged DHOPE or control DHOPE, respectively.

INTERPRETATION: This first-in-human clinical trial demonstrates the safety and feasibility of DHOPE in prolonging the preservation time of donor livers to enable daytime transplantation. The ability to extend the preservation window to up to 20 h using hypothermic oxygenated machine preservation at a 10 °C temperature has the potential to reshape the landscape of liver transplantation.

FUNDING: University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)102411
StatusPublished - 5-jan.-2024

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