Propelling pride to promote healthy food choices among entity and incremental theorists

Julia Storch*, Jing Wan*, Koert van Ittersum*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Past research suggests that people's beliefs about the malleability of their body weight influence their motivation to engage in healthful behaviors: people who perceive their body weight as fixed (entity theorists) engage less in healthful behaviors than people who perceive their body weight as changeable (incremental theorists). Accordingly, current health interventions frequently aim at shifting entity theorists' beliefs about the malleability of their body weight. Instead of trying to change these beliefs, we test whether the elicitation of pride from past achievements can serve as an intervention to promote healthful behaviors among entity theorists. In addition, we contrast the effect of pride recall among entity theorists with the effect among incremental theorists. Specifically, we find that entity theorists chose healthier behaviors upon the recall of pride related and unrelated to the health domain - the source of pride does not seem to matter. For incremental theorists, however, the source of pride does matter. While health-related pride led them to persist in making healthy food choices, health-unrelated pride instilled reward-seeking behavior among incremental theorists. Prompting health-related pride might be a viable motivational tool to promote healthy food choices, as it is beneficial for entity theorists without thwarting the motivation of incremental theorists.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer104841
Aantal pagina's12
TijdschriftAppetite
Volume155
Vroegere onlinedatum17-aug-2020
DOI's
StatusPublished - dec-2020

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