Conclusion. It is suggested that simultaneous treatment with the radical scavenger edaravone has an effective protective effect against tobramycin ototoxicity in rat. Even if the edaravone treatment is postponed for 7 days, it can still prevent hearing loss, but a 14 day delay cannot protect from ototoxicity. Objectives. With the aim of alleviating hearing loss caused by aminoglycoside ototoxicity, we performed a trial to assess the hearing protective efficacy of the radical scavenger edaravone. Materials and methods. In part one of the study, 21 male Sprague-Dawley albino rats were used; 2 rats served as controls for the safety of edaravone. Eight rats each received 10 subcutaneous injections (s.c.) of tobramycin (160 mg/kg b.w.) once daily and saline injection intraperitoneally for 2 weeks. Eleven rats were given 10 s.c. tobramycin injections simultaneously with an intraperitoneal injection of edaravone (3 mg/kg b.w.). In part two, tobramycin was injected in 13 rats (as above). Five of these received two edaravone injections 7 days later and four rats similarly 14 days later. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) was used to assess hearing. Results. All rats treated only with tobramycin showed a deterioration of hearing. None of the rats given simultaneous treatment with tobramycin and edaravone demonstrated hearing loss. A 7 day delay in edaravone injection still prevented hearing loss, but a 14 day delay had only a temporary prophylactic effect.