Psychological risk indicators for peri-implantitis: a cross-sectional study

Hans Strooker, Yvonne Catharina Maria de Waal, Miriam Margot Bildt*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

    1 Citaat (Scopus)
    133 Downloads (Pure)


    AIM: The aim of this analytical cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between peri-implantitis and psychological distress, and potentially related/mediating factors such as general health, bruxism and lifestyle factors.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients having received dental implants at a private practice in the Netherlands between January 2011 and January 2014 were recalled on a 5-year clinical and radiographic follow-up examination. Presence of peri-implantitis was examined and patients completed questionnaires measuring psychological distress (Symptom Checklist-90), bruxism, general health and lifestyle factors. Associations between the self-reported factors and peri-implantitis were analyzed with univariable and multivariable logistic regression models.

    RESULTS: A total of 230 patients (with 347 implants) were included in the analysis. Prevalence of (mild to severe) peri-implantitis was 30% (69 patients). Variables that showed a significant univariable association with peri-implantitis (p<0.10) were: SCL-90 subdomain depression, smoking, current medical treatment and lung problems. In the multivariable regression analysis, only the variable depression was significantly associated with peri-implantitis (p<0.05).

    CONCLUSIONS: The presence of depressive symptoms is a risk indicator for peri-implantitis. Recognizing the potential negative impact of depressive symptoms may allow for better identification of high risk patients.

    Originele taal-2English
    Pagina's (van-tot)980-987
    Aantal pagina's8
    TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Periodontology
    Nummer van het tijdschrift10
    Vroegere onlinedatum15-mei-2022
    StatusPublished - 2022


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