Psychopathology Symptoms, Rumination and Autobiographical Memory Specificity: Do Associations Hold After Bereavement?

Maarten C. Eisma*, Henk A. W. Schut, Margaret S. Stroebe, Kim Voerman, Jan van den Bout, Wolfgang Stroebe, Paul A. Boelen

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

9 Citaten (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)


Symptoms of psychopathology are associated with overgeneral memory retrieval. Overgeneral memory is hypothesized to be the result of an emotion regulatory process, dampening emotional reactions associated with retrieval of distressing specific memories. However, higher post-loss symptom severity has been related to higher specificity of loss-related memories recalled on the Autobiographical Memory Test. This may imply that such memories are immune' to the reduced specificity effect. We aimed to test this idea by investigating, for the first time, associations of depressive and complicated grief symptoms and depressive and grief rumination with autobiographical memory specificity on a sentence-completion task (SCEPT) in a bereaved sample. One hundred ninety-one adult mourners (89% women) filled out questionnaires and the SCEPT. A main finding was that higher depressive and complicated grief symptom and grief rumination levels were associated with reduced specificity of non-loss-related memories but not with specificity of loss-related memories. Implications of these results are discussed. Copyright (c) 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)478-484
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftApplied Cognitive Psychology
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
Vroegere onlinedatum13-mrt.-2015
StatusPublished - mei-2015

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