Psychosocial functioning of parents of Dutch long-term survivors of childhood cancer

Dutch LATER study group, Marloes van Gorp, Mala M.H. Joosten, Anne Maas, Babet L. Drenth, Alied van der Aa–van Delden, Leontien C.M. Kremer, Eline van Dulmen-den Broeder, Wim J.E. Tissing, Jacqueline J. Loonen, Helena J.H. van der Pal, Andrica C.H. de Vries, Marry M. van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Cécile Ronckers, Dorine Bresters, Marloes Louwerens, Sebastian J.C.C.M. Neggers, Margriet van der Heiden-van der Loo, Heleen Maurice-Stam, Martha A. Grootenhuis*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

1 Citaat (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL), post-traumatic stress and post-traumatic growth of parents of long-term survivors of childhood cancer (CCS) and study associated factors. Methods: Parents of survivors of the Dutch Childhood Cancer Survivor Study LATER cohort below 30 years and diagnosed 1986–2001 were invited to complete the TNO-AZL Questionnaire for Adult's HRQoL (e.g., sleep and aggressive emotions), Self-Rating Scale for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Post-traumatic Growth Inventory, and Illness Cognition Questionnaire. HRQoL domain scores were compared to references using Mann-Whitney U tests. Correlations between post-traumatic stress, growth and HRQoL were evaluated. Medical characteristics of their child and illness cognitions were studied as associated factors of HRQOL, post-traumatic stress and growth. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Parents (n = 661 of n = 448 survivors, 56% female, mean time since child's diagnosis: 21.3 [SD: 3.3] years) reported better HRQoL in social functioning and aggressive emotions than references (r =.08–0.17). Mothers additionally reported better HRQoL in pain, daily activities, sexuality, vitality, positive and depressive emotions (r =.07–0.14). Post-traumatic stress was symptomatic in 3%, and associated with worse HRQoL (r = −0.27–0.48). Post-traumatic growth was positively associated to post-traumatic stress and better HRQoL (r = 0.09–0.12). Cancer recurrence was associated to better HRQoL (β = 0.37–0.46). Acceptance illness cognitions were associated to better (β = 0.12–0.25), and helplessness to worse outcomes (β = 0.14–0.38). Conclusions: HRQoL of parents of young adult survivors of CCS is comparable to references or slightly better. Only a small proportion reports symptomatic post-traumatic stress. Improving acceptance and reducing feelings of helplessness may provide treatment targets for parents with psychosocial problems.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot) 283-294
Aantal pagina's12
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
Vroegere onlinedatum10-dec.-2022
StatusPublished - feb.-2023

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