Raman spectroscopy for the evaluation of the radiobiological sensitivity of normal human breast cells at different time points after irradiation by a clinical proton beam

M. Lasalvia, G. Perna*, P. Pisciotta, F. P. Cammarata, L. Manti, V. Capozzi

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

11 Citaten (Scopus)


Among different radiotherapy techniques, proton irradiation is an established and effective method for treatment of several types of cancer, because less healthy tissue is exposed with respect to conventional radiotherapy by photons/electrons. Recently, proton therapy has been proposed for the treatment of breast cancer. In vitro studies of proton irradiated normal human breast cells can provide information about cellular radioresponse, particularly as far as healthy tissue is concerned. In this paper, a study of the effects at different time points, following proton irradiation at different doses, of human normal MCF10A breast cells is performed by Raman spectroscopy. The aim of this investigation is to detect the unwanted effects of proton treatment and to investigate the possibility of monitoring them and of making an assessment of the cellular sensitivity by means of such a technique. The obtained results seem to indicate a rather significant sensitivity of MCF10A cells to proton irradiation. In fact, even at doses as low as 0.5 Gy, biological effects are clearly detectable in Raman spectra. In particular, ratiometric analysis of the Raman spectra measured from the nucleoplasm compartment showed that DNA/RNA damage increases with time, suggesting that most cells are unable to repair DNA/RNA broken bonds. The results obtained by the Raman spectroscopy analysis exhibit a similar trend with regard to dose to those obtained by commonly used radiobiological assays (i.e. MTT, clonogenic assay, senescence, apoptosis and necrosis). The results of this study strongly suggest the possibility that the Raman technique can be used to identify molecular markers predicting radiation response.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)2097-2108
Aantal pagina's12
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
StatusPublished - 21-mrt.-2019
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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