Rat islet isolation yield and function are donor strain dependent

M de Groot*, BJ de Haan, TA Schuurs, R van Schilfgaarde, HGD Leuvenink, J KEIZER

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

15 Citaten (Scopus)


Effective rat islet isolation is pertinent for successful islet transplantation and islet studies in vitro. To determine which rat strain yields the highest number of pure and functional islets, four commonly used rat strains were compared with regard to islet yield, islet purity and islet function. Secretory responses were assessed by stimulation with glucose, and by stimulation with glucose plus 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX). We show that rat islet function and isolation yield are donor strain dependent. Albino Oxford (AO) rats donated twice as many islets than Wistar, Lewis and Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. Stimulation with glucose plus IBMX resulted in an average five-fold increase of the stimulation index of AO, Lewis, Wistar and SD rats compared to stimulation with glucose only. AO islets had improved secretory responses after a one-week culture period, but required the addition of IBMX to glucose to elicit a distinguished stimulated insulin secretion after 2 days of culture. Islets from SD rats showed inferior results with regard to purity immediately after isolation and with regard to function after short- and after long-time culture. Because Lewis islets possessed the highest secretory response to glucose (without IBMX) immediately after isolation, Lewis rats may be preferred as islet donors for immediate use. The addition of IBMX to glucose for in vitro functional testing is recommended because it elicits high insulin secretory responses of islets regardless of the rat strain. AO rats are preferred for culture experiments since the number of experimental animals is reduced two-fold compared to Lewis, Wistar and SD rats.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)200-206
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftLaboratory Animals
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
StatusPublished - apr-2004

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