Recent star formation in the Hi dominated outer regions of early-type galaxies

Mustafa K. Yıldız, Paolo Serra, Reynier F. Peletier, Tom A. Oosterloo, Pierre-Alain Duc

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Context According to the ATLAS3D project, about 20 percent of all nearby early-type galaxies (D <42 Mpc; M K < -21.5 mag; stellar mass M stars >~ 6 × 109 M⊙) outside clusters are surrounded by a disc or ring of low-column-density neutral hydrogen (Hi) gas with typical radii of tens of kpc, much larger than the stellar body. Aims Our aim is to understand the impact of these gas systems on the host galaxies, in particular, whether there is any recent star formation related to the Hi and effect of recent star formation on the host early-type galaxies. Methods and sample We analyse the distribution of star formation out to large radii by using resolved Hi images together with UV and optical images. We calculate the UV-UV and UV-optical colours in two apertures, 1-3 and 3-10 R eff. Using FUV emission as a proxy for star formation, we also estimate the integrated star formation rate in the outer regions. Our sample consists of 18 Hi-rich galaxies as well as 55 control galaxies where no Hi has been detected. We select the control sample galaxies to match the Hi-rich galaxies in stellar mass, environment, distance and stellar kinematics. Results In half of the Hi-rich galaxies the radial UV profile changes slope at the position of the Hi radial profile peak. We find that the FUV-NUV and UV-optical colours in the first and second apertures of the Hi-rich galaxies are on average 0.5 and 0.8 mag bluer than the Hi-poor ones, respectively. We also find that the Hi-rich early-type galaxies have colour gradients that are almost 2 times stronger than the Hi-poor ones. we estimate the integrated star formation rate in the outer regions (R > 1 R eff) to be on average ~ 6.1×10-3 M⊙ yr-1 for the Hi-rich galaxies. We find that the gas depletion time in the outermost region (3-10 R eff) is ~ 80 Gyrs, which is similar to that estimated for the outskirts of spirals. Conclusions Studying the stellar populations in early type galaxies with and without Hi, we find that galaxies with Hi generally show UV and UV-Optical colours in the outer parts that are bluer than those of early-type galaxies without Hi. This shows that the Hi is actively involved in recent star formation. The star formation rate in the outer regions is too low to build a stellar disc, and therefore change the morphology of the host even when integrated over several Gyrs. Star formation in outermost regions does not depend on the type of the galaxies.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)279
Aantal pagina's1
TijdschriftFormation and Evolution of Galaxy Outskirts, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium
StatusPublished - mrt.-2016

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