Redesign of a Phenylalanine Aminomutase into a Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase

S. Bartsch, G.G. Wybenga, M. Jansen, M.M. Heberling, B. Wu, B.W. Dijkstra, D.B. Janssen*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

24 Citaten (Scopus)


An aminomutase, naturally catalyzing the interconversion of (S)--phenylalanine and (R)--phenylalanine, was converted into an ammonia lyase catalyzing the nonoxidative deamination of phenylalanine to cinnamic acid by a rational single-point mutation. It could be shown by crystal structures and kinetic data that the flexibility of the lid that covers the active site decides whether the enzyme acts as a lyase or a mutase. An Arg92Ser mutation destabilized the closed conformation of the lid structure and converted the mutase into a lyase that exhibited up to 44-fold increased reaction rates in the enantioselective deamination of (R)--phenylalanine. In addition, the amination rates of cinnamic acid yielding optically pure (S)-- and (R)--phenylalanine were doubled. The applicability of the mutant enzyme for kinetic resolution and asymmetric amination could be shown by biocatalysis on a preparative scale.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1797-1802
Aantal pagina's6
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
StatusPublished - jul.-2013

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