Genome engineering offers the possibility to create completely novel cell factories with enhanced properties for biotechnological applications. In recent years, genome minimization was extensively explored in the Gram-positive bacterial cell factory Bacillus subtilis, where up to 42% of the genome encoding dispensable functions was removed. Such studies showed that some strains with minimized genomes gained beneficial features, especially for secretory protein production. However, strains with the most minimal genomes displayed growth defects. This focused our attention on strains with less extensive genomic deletions that display close-to-wild-type growth properties while retaining the acquired beneficial traits in secretory protein production. A strain of this category is B. subtilis IIG-Bs27-47-24, here referred to as midiBacillus, which lacks 30.95% of the parental genome. To date, it was unknown how the altered genomic configuration of midiBacillus impacts cell physiology in general, and protein secretion in particular. The present study bridges this knowledge gap through comparative quantitative proteome analyses with focus on protein secretion. Interestingly, the results show that the secretion stress responses of midiBacillus, as elicited by high-level expression of the immunodominant staphylococcal antigen A, are completely different from secretion stress responses that occur in the parental strain 168. We further show that midiBacillus has an increased capacity for translation and that a variety of critical Sec secretion machinery components is present at elevated levels. Altogether, our observations demonstrate that high-level protein secretion has different consequences for wild-type and genome-engineered Bacillus strains, dictated by the altered genomic and proteomic configurations.