Reduced Tie2 in Microvascular Endothelial Cells Is Associated with Organ-Specific Adhesion Molecule Expression in Murine Health and Endotoxemia

Peter J Zwiers*, Jacqueline P F E Lucas, Rianne M Jongman, Matijs van Meurs, Eliane R Popa, Grietje Molema

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

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Samenvatting

Endothelial cells (ECs) in the microvasculature in organs are active participants in the pathophysiology of sepsis. Tyrosine protein kinase receptor Tie2 (Tek; Tunica interna Endothelial cell Kinase) is thought to play a role in their inflammatory response, yet data are inconclusive. We investigated acute endotoxemia-induced changes in the expression of Tie2 and inflammation-associated endothelial adhesion molecules E-selectin and VCAM-1 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) in kidneys and lungs in inducible, EC-specific Tie2 knockout mice. The extent of Tie2 knockout in healthy mice differed between microvascular beds, with low to absent expression in arterioles in kidneys and in capillaries in lungs. In kidneys, Tie2 mRNA dropped more than 70% upon challenge with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in both genotypes, with no change in protein. In renal arterioles, tamoxifen-induced Tie2 knockout was associated with higher VCAM-1 protein expression in healthy conditions. This did not increase further upon challenge of mice with LPS, in contrast to the increased expression occurring in control mice. Also, in lungs, Tie2 mRNA levels dropped within 4 h after LPS challenge in both genotypes, while Tie2 protein levels did not change. In alveolar capillaries, where tamoxifen-induced Tie2 knockout did not affect the basal expression of either adhesion molecule, a 4-fold higher E-selectin protein expression was observed after exposure to LPS compared to controls. The here-revealed heterogeneous effects of absence of Tie2 in ECs in kidney and lung microvasculature in health and in response to acute inflammatory activation calls for further in vivo investigations into the role of Tie2 in EC behavior.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer1850
Aantal pagina's16
TijdschriftCells
Volume12
Nummer van het tijdschrift14
DOI's
StatusPublished - 14-jul.-2023

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