Renal and cardiovascular effects of exogenous insulin in healthy volunteers

R O Gans, L vd Toorn, H J Bilo, J J Nauta, R J Heine, A J Donker

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1. Renal and cardiovascular effects of three dosages of insulin [50 (Ins I), 300 (Ins II) and 500 (Ins III) m-units h-1 kg-1] were investigated in healthy males by using a euglycaemic clamp technique. On separate days, control experiments were carried out to correct for any circadian variation in the variables studied. 2. All three insulin dosages resulted in a marked decline in fractional sodium excretion (actual experiments: basal, 0.95 +/- 0.15%, Ins I, 0.79 +/- 0.10%, Ins II, 0.80 +/- 0.12%, Ins III, 0.84 +/- 0.08%; control experiments: basal, 0.96 +/- 0.10%, Ins I, 1.20 +/- 0.12%, Ins II, 1.53 +/- 0.15%, Ins III, 1.43 +/- 0.10%; means +/- SEM, P less than 0.005, analysis of variance). With the highest insulin dosage, the reduction in fractional sodium excretion tended to be less striking. This coincided with a rise in heart rate, pulse pressure and pulse rate-systolic blood pressure product (double product). Although blood pressure itself did not change, systolic blood pressure also tended to increase (actual experiments: basal, 133 +/- 5 mmHg, Ins I, 132 +/- 5 mmHg, Ins II, 139 +/- 5 mmHg, Ins III, 143 +/- 4 mmHg; control experiments: basal, 128 +/- 3 mmHg, Ins I, 129 +/- 3 mmHg, Ins II, 130 +/- 3 mmHg, Ins III, 133 +/- 3 mmHg; means +/- SEM, P = 0.09, analysis of variance). There was a positive correlation between the change in fractional sodium excretion and the change in systolic blood pressure over control values (r = 0.696, P less than 0.028).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)219-225
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftClinical Science
Volume80
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1991

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