Introduction: Erytropoietin (EPO) has cytoprotective and angiogenic properties and has a beneficial effect in ischaemic conditions. Since the development of renal interstitial abnormalities are often associated with ischaemia, we studied the effects of the long-acting EPO analogue darbepoetin alpha (DA) on kidney damage in TGR(mRen2)27 (Ren2) rats.
Materials and methods: Ren2 rats were randomised to DA or vehicle (VEH) or to DA + angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) or VEH + ACEi. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats served as controls. Blood pressure was measured weekly and 24-h urine was collected to measure proteinuria. Blood samples were collected for creatinine and haematocrit. Kidneys were studied for inflammation and pre-fibrosis. Renal mRNA expression was studied for EPO, EPO-receptor, collagen-3 alpha 1 and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1).
Results: DA had no effect on SBP, serum creatinine and proteinuria. Interstitial and glomerular alpha-SMA expression was significantly increased in Ren2. ACEi but not DA improved the increased renal inflammatory and pro-fibrotic profile in Ren2 rats. DA on top of ACEi further reduced glomerular alpha-SMA and KIM-1 expression.
Conclusion: Long-term DA treatment has no beneficial effects on renal structural and functional changes in TGR(mRen2)27 rats in the time frame studied and the dose provided.
|Tijdschrift||Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||2|
|Status||Published - jun-2012|