Repeated use of rich pictures to explore changes in subjective experiences over time of patients with advanced cancer

Zarah M. Bood*, Michael Scherer-Rath, Mirjam A. G. Sprangers, Liesbeth Timmermans, Ellen van Wolde, Sayra M. Cristancho, Fenna Heyning, Silvia Russel, Hanneke W. M. van Laarhoven, Esther Helmich

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

    OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

    2 Citaten (Scopus)
    50 Downloads (Pure)


    Background The combination of verbal and visual tools may help unravel the experiences of advanced cancer patients. However, most previous studies have focused on a specific symptom, at only one moment in time. We recently found that a specific visual tool, originating from systems thinking, that is, rich pictures (RPs), could provide a more comprehensive view of the experiences of patients with advanced cancer. Aims To examine whether the repeated use of RPs can make changes in subjective experiences of patients living with advanced cancer visible over time. Methods and results We performed a prospective study with a generic qualitative approach that was mostly informed by the process of grounded theory. We invited patients to make an RP twice, at the start of the study, and again after 2 months. Both RP drawing sessions were directly followed by a semi-structured interview. Patients with all types of solid tumors, above the age of 18, and with a diagnosis of advanced, incurable cancer, were eligible. Eighteen patients participated and 15 patients were able to draw an RP twice. In eight RP-sets, considerable differences between the first and second RP were noticeable. Two patterns were distinguished: (1) a change (decline or improvement) in physical health (five patients), and/or (2) a change in the way patients related to cancer (three patients). Conclusion RPs are a valuable qualitative research method that can be used to explore the experiences of patients with advanced cancer, not only at a single point in time but also over time.

    Originele taal-2English
    Aantal pagina's9
    TijdschriftCancer reports
    Nummer van het tijdschrift1
    Vroegere onlinedatum26-jul.-2021
    StatusPublished - 22-jan.-2022

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