Reproductive strategies of the crinoid-associated shrimps Cristimenes commensalis (Borradaile, 1915) and Pontoniopsis comanthi Borradaile, 1915 (Crustacea: Palaemonidae)

Sancia E. T. van der Meij, Magnus L. Johnson, Sammy De Grave

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Tropical shallow-water crinoids offer shelter to a diversity of marine life,
including various symbiotic palaemonid shrimp species. In this study, the reproductive features of the shrimps Cristimenes commensalis and Pontoniopsis comanthi inhabiting comatulid crinoids are studied and compared. Ovigerous females were collected from the crinoids Anneissia bennetti and Comaster nobilis from Iriomote-jima, Japan. All specimens were examined for the following traits: carapace length, fecundity, embryo volume, brood mass volume and dry weight of the females and the eggs. Cristimenes commensalis produced 15–117 eggs with a volume of 0.04 mm3 ±0.00, whereas the smaller-sized species P. comanthi produced 12–57 eggs with a volume of 0.02 mm3
±0.01. The reproductive output (RO) of C. commensalis was 0.16±0.03, considerably lower than that of P. comanthi at 0.31±0.05. Data is beginning to
emerge on the fecundity and reproductive output of symbiotic palaemonid shrimps, although comparisons remain hampered by the general lack of knowledge on their biology in general. Pontoniopsis comanthi has the highest recorded reproductive output so far, despite being the smallest species studied. Our results confirm that inhabiting a sheltered habitat allows symbiotic shrimps to allocate more energy to embryo production than free-living species. Different reproductive strategies are, however, apparent for these species inhabiting the same host species, implying the existence of differential selective forces.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)89–99
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftCrustacean Research
StatusPublished - 24-okt-2018

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