Reversible Impaired Methotrexate Clearance After Platinum-Based Chemotherapy for Osteosarcoma

T H Oude Munnink, A van der Meer, J. J. de Haan, D J Touw, M van Kruchten*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

2 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

The authors present a case of an 18-year-old man with metastasized osteosarcoma, admitted for methotrexate (MTX) treatment combined with cisplatin and doxorubicin. During the first cycle, severe MTX toxicity was observed with increased MTX serum levels and delayed MTX clearance requiring rescue treatment with intensified leucovorin. In the following cycles, cisplatin and doxorubicin were discontinued, and MTX dose was reduced. The elimination half-life slowly improved over the following cycles suggesting a reversible cause responsible for reduced MTX clearance and toxicity during the first cycle. Cisplatin is well-known for its nephrotoxic effects and can induce reversible tubular injury. Previous treatment with cisplatin may well have been responsible for decreased MTX clearance, and combination treatment should be used with adequate monitoring of MTX levels. Other factors that may have contributed, such as urine alkalization, gene polymorphisms, and other drug-drug interactions are discussed.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)693-695
Aantal pagina's3
TijdschriftTherapeutic Drug Monitoring
Volume41
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
Vroegere onlinedatum4-jun-2019
DOI's
StatusPublished - dec-2019

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