Reversible polymer networks containing covalent and hydrogen bonding interactions

R. Araya-Hermosilla, A.A. Broekhuis, F. Picchioni*

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

OnderzoeksoutputAcademicpeer review

47 Citaten (Scopus)


Thermally reversible polymers with relatively high glass transition temperatures (T-g) are difficult to prepare but very interesting from an application point of view. In this work we present a novel reversible thermoset with tunable T-g based on chemical modification of aliphatic polyketones (PM) into the corresponding derivatives containing furan (PK-FA) and/or amine (PK-DAP) groups along the backbone. The furan moieties allow thermal setting of the polymer by the Diels-Alder (DA) and retro-DA sequence with bis-maleimide (bis-Ma), while amine moieties allow tuning the hydrogen bonding density. By this combined approach, it is possible to synthesize well-defined thermosets with a wider T-g window with respect to PK-FA alone. Indeed, after several heating cycles, the material showed essentially the mechanical properties of the original even after the samples were broken and thermally reshaped. The incorporation of amine moieties at 20-60% conversion of the 1,4-dicarbonyl units along the PM-backbone significantly increased the T-g window from 100 degrees C to 185 degrees C. However, after each heating cycle the T-g of the material, detected as tan (6) in DMTA measurements, continued to increase probably due to imine group formation between unreacted carbonyl and amine groups. Despite this limitation, the studied system still displays re-workability up to three thermal cycles and constitutes a proof of principle for the proposed approach, i.e. combination of Diels-Alder and hydrogen bonding groups towards higher T-g materials. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)127-134
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftEuropean Polymer Journal
Vroegere onlinedatum24-okt.-2013
StatusPublished - jan.-2014

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