Atrial fibrillation (AF) management has significantly improved during the career of professor Crijns. Research was implemented into guidelines and clinical practice. However, despite advances in AF management, large differences between individual treatment responses still exist and the mechanisms underlying initiation and perpetuation of AF are not completely understood. International collaborations have revealed the genetic contribution to AF and steps towards improving AF management are being made. In this short review, the most important paradigms shifts in the field of AF genetics are recognized and the future role of genetics in personalized management of AF is discussed.