Role of pre-operative frailty status in relation to outcome after carotid endarterectomy: a systematic review

Louise B. D. Banning*, Stan Benjamens, Reinoud P. H. Bokkers, Clark J. Zeebregts, Robert A. Pol

*Bijbehorende auteur voor dit werk

Onderzoeksoutputpeer review

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Samenvatting

Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a surgical treatment option to prevent ischemic cerebrovascular accidents. Patients that present with pre-operative frailty might have an elevated risk for unfavorable outcomes after the CEA. A systematic search, using Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Database, was performed for relevant literature on frailty in patients undergoing CEA. The study protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020190345). Eight articles were included. The pooled prevalence for pre-operative frailty was 23.9% (95% CI: 12.98-34.82). A difference in the incidence of complications between frail and non-frail patients (6.4% vs. 5.2%, respectively) and a difference in hospital length of stay [2 (IQR: 2-3) days vs. 1 (IQR: 1-2) day, respectively] were described. The 30-day mortality after CEA was 0.6% for non-frail patients, 2.6% for frail patients, and 4.9% for very frail patients (P 0.001). For 3-year mortality, a 1.5-fold increased risk was found for frail patients (OR 1.7, 95% CI: 1.4-2.0) and a >2.5-fold increased risk for very frail patients (OR 2.6, 95% CI: 2.2-3.1). In conclusion, this review shows the impact of frailty on outcome after CEA. Pre-operative frailty assessment with a validated, multi-domain tool should be implemented in the clinical setting as it will provide information on post-operative surgical outcomes and mortality risk but also frailty trajectory and cognitive decline.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer1205
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftAnnals of Translational Medicine
Volume9
Nummer van het tijdschrift14
DOI's
StatusPublished - 29-jul.-2021

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